- Mock and Flt
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- Students Corner
Correct Word Usage 2
Say is a transitive verb meaning to express in words
Ex: I said that she should stay home tonight.
Tell is an intransitive verb also meaning to express in words
I told him to stay home but he didn't listen.
(NEVER told to him)
Sit is an intransitive verb meaning to rest on something.
Ex: Sit on the bench and not on the grass.
Set is a transitive verb meaning to place something.
Ex: She set the soup and spoons on the table.
Speak is a verb meaning 'to say out loud'
Ex: Speak louder. I can't hear you!
Speech is a noun meaning 'what is said aloud'
Politicians give the same boring speech over and over again when running for political office.
Than is a conjunction used in comparisons
Ex: She is taller than her sister.
Then as an adjective or adverbial conjunction relates to time
Ex: First we will work; then we will go out for lunch.
Watch is a transitive verb meaning 'to look at or observe carefully'
Ex: He watched his grand children playing in the yard
See is a transitive verb meaning 'to perceive with the eye'
Ex: He saw the children go into the house.
Accept is a verb that means to receive or take or to give a positive answer to a proposition or offer.
Ex: Do you accept travelers checks (receive, take)
Susan accepted his offer of a job. (gave a positive answer)
The club accepted three new members. (received)
Except as a preposition, meaning with the exception of. (Commonly used)
Everybody except John went to the party. (John didn't go)
Except as a verb means, to exclude, to keep out. (Rarely used)
The boys excepted Frank from their club.(They did not accept him)
Expect is a verb that means, waiting for something to happen or 'believed to be the state of something'
Ex: She expected her husband home from work at any minute.
I expect you are hungry after such a long trip
(note spelling differences between British English and American English)
Advise is a verb.
Ex: The doctor advised her to quit smoking.
Advice is a noun.
Ex: She gave me some good advice.
All ready is an adjective phrase meaning completely ready.
Ex: We were all ready to leave at eight o'clock.
Already is an adverb of time meaning by or before a specific time.
Ex: They had already left by three o'clock.
He had already eaten when I arrived. (before I arrived)
Altogether is an adverb meaning completely.
Ex: I am altogether upset with you.
All together is an adjective phrase meaning in a group.
Ex: The children sang a song all together.
The preposition besides means except.
Ex: Everyone besides Jane went to the party.
The preposition beside means next to.
EX: Jane was standing beside me. (NOT: besides me)
Cloth is a noun (usually as a non-count noun) that means material or fabric.
Ex: She bought some cloth to make a new dress.
Clothes is a plural count noun meaning 'garments used to cover the body.'
Ex: She bought a lot of clothes in Paris.
I feel nice when I wear new clothes.
A desert is 'a dry area with little vegetation and rainfall.'
Ex: The Sahara desert in Africa is the largest in the world.
A dessert is 'sweet food usually eaten after a meal.'
We had chocolate cake and ice cream for dessert.
To differ from is 'to be dissimilar.'
Ex: Men differ from women physically.
To differ with is 'to disagree with.'
Ex: I differ with you on this issue. (I disagree with you)
To emigrate means, 'to leave one country to live in another.'
Ex: My grandfather emigrated from Europe to the USA in 1864.
To immigrate means, 'to move to a new country'
Many countries are facing difficulties due to the increased number of immigrants living in them.
*It's probably easiest to remember that to emigrate means to leave a country while immigrate means to enter to live.
Farther means 'towards a more distant point in space' (actual distance)
The beach is a few miles farther away.
Further means towards a more distant point in time, degree, or quantity. (figurative distance)
Ex: Let us consider this problem a bit further. (time)
We should do further research on this matter. (quantity)
Be careful not to excite the children any further. (degree)
Formally means in a formal way.
Ex: He was formally charged with the crime.
Formerly means previously, or at an earlier time.
She was formerly a dancer in a club.
Healthful means good for ones health.
Ex: Vegetables and fruits are healthful foods.
Healthy means in a good condition of health.
Ex: Due to their outdoor lifestyle, all of his children are healthy.
An illusion is a false idea or unreal image.
Ex: The magician's illusion convinced the crowd that he was flying.
An allusion is an indirect reference.
Ex: The professor made an allusion to modern art.
To imply is to suggest without saying directly.
A speaker or writer can imply.
Susan implied that she was not happy with her studies.
To infer is to to make a conclusion based on evidence not stated.
Only a listener or reader can infer.
I inferred from the report that our taxes would be raised again.
Its is the singular possessive pronoun for things.
The car had its tires stolen last night.
It's is the contraction for it is.
It's a nice day today. (It is a nice day today.)
To leave means, to go away from.
Ex: He leaves work at five o'clock every day.
To let means, to permit.
Ex: Jane let me borrow her bike.
The adjective loose means not tight.
Ex: This shirt is too loose. I need a smaller size.
To lose is a verb meaning to leave (forget) behind by accident.
Ex: I often lose my house keys.
The adjective most is the superlative form of many or much meaning the largest number or amount.
Ex: Most coffee comes from Brazil.
Almost is an adverb meaning not quite, or very nearly or nearly all.
Ex: Almost all the students are here.
He is almost ready to leave.
He almost won the race.
The noun plane usually means airplane.
Ex: His plane arrives in New York at 9:00am.
The adjective plain means simple,not fancy.
Ex: Her dress was very plain.
The adjective principal means chief or very important.
The noun principal means chief official.
The principal reason for his failure was lack of support.
I am the principal of this school.
The noun principle means fundamental truth.
He is studying the principles of accounting.
Quiet is an adjective meaning not noisy.
Ex: It was a very quite party.
Quite is an adverb meaning completely or to a degree.
Ex: He is quite upset today.
He is quite short.
Respectfully means with respect.
Ex: The audience rose respectfully when the President entered.
Respectively means in the order given.
Ex: The Suttons lived in Chicago, Los Angeles and New York respectively.
So is a conjunction joining a clause of result to a main clause.
Ex: It rained a lot last year, so there were lots of wildflowers to enjoy.
So that joins a clause of purpose to a main clause.
We wore raincoats so that we would not get our clothes wet.
Stationary means in a fixed position.
Ex: The car was stationary parked in the driveway.
Stationery refers to writing supplies.
Ex: That stationery store sells writing paper, envelopes and office supplies.
Their is the third-person plural possessive pronoun.
Ex: They sold their car last week.
There is (1) an adverb of place or (2) an expletive that tells of existence.
Ex: Your package is there on the counter.
There are fifty states in United States.
There're is the contraction of they are.
Ex: They're ready to see you now.
To is (1) part of the infinitive form or (2) a preposition.
Ex: I like to walk in the snow.
I walked to the park on Saturday.
Too is an adverb indicating an excess.
Ex: It is too cold to go swimming.
Two is a number (2).
Ex: I have two cats kitty and whiskers.
Weather is a noun meaning atmospheric conditions.
Ex: The weather was not nice enough to go out.
Whether is a conjunction meaning if.
Ex: I don't know whether he will stay at home or not.
Who's is the contraction for who is.
Ex: I don't know who's coming tonight.
Whose is (1) a question word or (2) a possessive relative pronoun.
Whose pen is this
I met the man whose child scored the winning goal.